Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) – commonly called drones – have captured the imagination of all who know the challenges of last-mile delivery. Proponents argue that they’ll make delivery faster, cheaper and safer. Being able to transport critical supplies to remote areas faster and for less cost without sacrificing quality is the Holy Grail of many development programs. Yet, there is very little evidence demonstrating whether UAVs live up to the hype of faster, cheaper and safer. Moreover, can they do it without sacrificing quality?
Many UAV flights have been conducted, but very few have shared details about how these projects were implemented, what they cost, how they would integrate with the health system, what impact they are having on outcomes, or what lessons have been learned. Without this information, how will decision makers know if they’re likely to be useful or not? Below I describe some of the delivery UAV research already available that I think is useful for decision makers right now.